In 2016, the country adopted the name “Czechia” as a shortened, informal name for the Czech Republic. Today, Czechia is a parliamentary democracy with a president as its head of state and a prime minister as its head of government. Its capital is Prague, which is known for its picturesque cityscape and rich cultural heritage.
THE POPULATION Czechia has an estimated population of 10,495,295 people as of 2023. The country has a high literacy rate, with around 90% of the adult population having completed at least secondary education.
- Prague Castle: The largest medieval castle in the world, situated atop a hill overlooking the Vltava River and the city’s Old Town.
- Charles Bridge: A historic bridge that spans the Vltava River and connects Prague Castle with the city’s Old Town.
- Old Town Square: A historic square in the heart of Prague, known for its stunning architecture and the famous Astronomical Clock.
- Castle of Cesky Krumlov: A UNESCO World Heritage Site located in the town of Cesky Krumlov, known for its well-preserved medieval architecture.
- Holy Trinity Column: A Baroque monument located in Olomouc, recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
THE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE The official language of Czechia is Czech. The Czech language is a West Slavic language that serves as a means of communication for over 10 million people in the country.
THE CULTURE Czech culture has been shaped by various factors, including its geographical position in central Europe, Slavic ethnicity, influences from neighboring countries, political and social changes, and times of peace and war. The country has a rich cultural heritage that includes architecture, art, cinema, cuisine, folklore, literature, music, mythology, philosophy, sports, and theater.
THE ECONOMIC STABILITY Czechia has a stable political and economic environment. It is one of the most advanced countries in Central and Eastern Europe. The Czech Republic has an advanced economy with a high standard of living. It is considered one of the most stable and prosperous post-communist states. The country has a low unemployment rate and is known for its strong economic performance.
THE GDP As of 2022, the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Czechia was worth $245 billion. The country experienced a GDP growth of 4.03% between 2008 and 2018.
THE CURRENCY The official currency of Czechia is the Czech koruna (CZK). As of September 2023, 1 USD is equal to 22.83 CZK.
THE FOOD Czech cuisine is hearty and comforting, dominated by meats like pork, beef, and duck. It’s usually paired with fluffy potato or bread dumplings (knedliky) that are perfect for soaking up rich sauces. Some traditional Czech dishes include:
- Svíčková na smetaně: A marinated sirloin dish covered with a thick, creamy sauce of parsley root and carrots.
- Hovězí guláš: A beef stew with lots of onions.
- Rajská omáčka: A sweet tomato gravy that is often made using a mix of chopped tomatoes and tomato paste, to which already cooked beef, onions and spices are added.
MAJOR CITIES Czechia has several major cities, including:
- Prague: The capital city with a population of over 1.3 million people.
- Brno: The second-largest city with a population of over 396,000 people.
- Ostrava: The third-largest city with a population of over 283,000 people.
MAJOR AIRPORTS AND SEAPORTS Czechia has several airports, including:
- Václav Havel Airport Prague: The largest airport in the country located in Prague.
- Brno–Tuřany Airport: The second-largest airport located in Brno.
- Leoš Janáček Airport Ostrava: The third-largest airport located in Ostrava.
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MAJOR SCHOOLS Czechia has several major universities, including:
- Charles University: The oldest and largest university in the country located in Prague.
- Masaryk University: The second-largest university located in Brno.
- University of Ostrava: A public research university located in Ostrava.