Czechia, also known as the Czech Republic, is a landlocked country located in central Europe. It comprises the historical provinces of Bohemia and Moravia along with the southern tip of Silesia, collectively often called the Czech Lands. The country has a rich and fascinating history that dates back to the 4th century BC when it was first populated by Celts.
The Duchy of Bohemia was founded in the late 9th century under Great Moravia. It was formally recognized as an Imperial State of the Holy Roman Empire in 1002 and became a kingdom in 1198. Following the Battle of Mohács in 1526, all of the Crown lands of Bohemia were gradually integrated into the Habsburg monarchy.
After World War I, Czechoslovakia was formed from several provinces of the collapsing empire of Austria-Hungary in 1918. In the interwar period, it became the most prosperous and politically stable state in eastern Europe. However, it was occupied by Nazi Germany in 1938–45 and was under Soviet domination from 1948 to 1989.
In 2016, the country adopted the name “Czechia” as a shortened, informal name for the Czech Republic. Today, Czechia is a parliamentary democracy with a president as its head of state and a prime minister as its head of government. Its capital is Prague, which is known for its picturesque cityscape and rich cultural heritage.