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The History of Greece: From Paleolithic Era to Modern Times




The history of Greece is a long and fascinating one, dating back to the Paleolithic era, which began around 3.3 million years ago and ended in 20000 BC. The history of Greece is divided into several periods, including the Neolithic period, which began with the establishment of agricultural societies around 7000 BC and ended around 3200-3100 BC. This period was a vital part of the early history of Greece because it was the base for early Bronze Age civilizations in the area. The first organized communities developed, and basic art became more advanced in Neolithic Greece.

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The Bronze Age in Greece began with the transition to a metal-based economy during the Early Helladic period of mainland Greece (c. 3200 – c. 2000 BC). Meanwhile, Cycladic culture prospered in the Cyclades (c. 3200 – c. 1050 BC) and Minoan civilization around Crete (c. 3500 – c. 1100 BC). The Bronze Age ended with the rise and fall of the Mycenaean Greek palace culture (c. 1750 – c. 1050 BC) in the Late Bronze Age collapse.

Ancient Greece usually encompasses Greek antiquity, as well as part of the region’s late prehistory (Late Bronze Age). It lasted from c. 1200 BC – c. 600 AD and can be subdivided into several periods: Greek Dark Ages (or Iron Age, Homeric Age), 1100–800 BC; Archaic Greece, 800–480 BC; Classical Greece, 500–323BC; Hellenistic Greece, 323 BC–31 BC; Roman Greece, 146 BC–330.

The history of Greece is rich and varied, with many different cultures and civilizations contributing to its development over time. From the Minoans to the Mycenaeans to the Greeks themselves, each era has left its mark on this fascinating country.

Unfortunately, there is no definitive answer to how Greece was founded since it is shrouded in myth and legend. According to Greek mythology, Zeus created humans from clay and water and gave them life with his lightning bolt. The first humans were Deucalion and Pyrrha, who survived a great flood sent by Zeus by building an ark. They then repopulated the earth by throwing stones over their shoulders, which turned into new humans.

While this story may be a myth, it reflects the importance of religion and mythology in ancient Greek culture. The Greeks believed that their gods played an active role in their lives and that they needed to honor them through prayer and sacrifice. This belief system helped shape Greek society and culture for centuries to come.

In conclusion, Greece has a rich history that spans thousands of years. From its earliest days as a Neolithic society to its modern incarnation as a democratic nation-state, Greece has been shaped by many different cultures and civilizations over time.