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Gambia Population, Official Language And More.




The Gambia received its own executive and legislative councils in 1901 and gradually progressed toward self-government. Also in 1901, Gambia Company, first colonial military unit of Gambia was founded. The country achieved independence on February 18, 1965, as a constitutional monarchy within Commonwealth. Five years later on April 24, 1970, The Gambia became a Republic within Commonwealth with Sir Dawda Kairaba Jawara as first Prime Minister and head of state.

Read about the history Here…



The Population

The population of Nigeria is estimated to be 211 million people as of 2021. The country is the seventh most populous in the world and the most populous in Africa. The population is diverse and consists of over 250 ethnic groups, each with its own language and culture.

The Landmark

Nigeria has several landmarks, but one of the most famous is Zuma Rock. It is a large monolith located in Niger State, about 40 miles north of Abuja, the capital city of Nigeria 1. Zuma Rock is a popular tourist attraction and is considered a symbol of Nigeria’s unity.

The Official Language

The official language of Nigeria is English. It was adopted as the official language during colonial rule by the British. However, there are over 500 indigenous languages spoken in Nigeria, with Hausa, Yoruba, and Igbo being the most widely spoken.

The Culture

Nigeria has a rich and diverse culture that reflects its ethnic diversity. Nigerian culture is known for its artmusicdance, and food. Nigerian art includes traditional sculptures, masks, and textiles, while Nigerian music includes various genres such as Afrobeat, Highlife, Juju, and Fuji. Nigerian cuisine varies by region but typically includes dishes made with rice, beans, yams, cassava, plantains, and various meats such as chicken, beef, and fish.

The Economic Stability

Nigeria is one of the largest economies in Africa and has a mixed economy that is heavily dependent on oil exports. However, the country has faced several economic challenges in recent years due to falling oil prices and political instability. Despite these challenges, Nigeria has made progress in diversifying its economy and improving its infrastructure.


Nigeria is the largest economy in Africa and has a mixed economy that is heavily dependent on oil exports. As of 2021, Nigeria’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) was estimated to be $514 billion. The country’s GDP is distributed across three economic sectors: agriculture, industry, and services. In 2021, agriculture contributed around 23.36 percent to Nigeria’s GDP, 31.41 percent came from industry, and 43.79 percent from the services sector.

The Currency

The official currency of Nigeria is the Nigerian naira (NGN). As of October 2023, one US dollar is equivalent to approximately 410 NGN.

The Food

Nigerian cuisine varies by region but typically includes dishes made with rice, beans, yams, cassava, plantains, and various meats such as chicken, beef, and fish. Some popular Nigerian dishes include jollof ricesuyaakaramoi moi, and egusi soup.

Major Cities

Nigeria has several major cities. Here are some of them along with their estimated population as of 2022:

  • Lagos: 8,048,430
  • Kano: 2,828,861
  • Ibadan: 2,559,853
  • Port Harcourt: 1,005,904
  • Benin City: 1,147,188
  • Abuja: 776,298

Major Airport and Sea Port

Nigeria has several airports and seaports. Here are some of them:

Major Airports:

  • Murtala Muhammed International Airport (LOS) in Lagos
  • Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport (ABV) in Abuja
  • Mallam Aminu Kano International Airport (KAN) in Kano

Major Seaports:

  • Lagos Port Complex (Apapa and Tin Can Island)
  • Port Harcourt Port Complex
  • Calabar Port Complex


Nigeria has several schools that offer primary and secondary education. Here are some of them:

Primary Schools:

  • Corona Schools Trust Council in Lagos
  • Greensprings School in Lagos
  • Chrisland Schools in Lagos

Secondary Schools:

  • Loyola Jesuit College in Abuja
  • Grange School in Lagos
  • American International School of Lagos