Andorra joined the United Nations in 1993, the Council of Europe in 1994 and the Eurozone in 1999. It additionally has particular relations with France and Spain, in addition to with different neighboring nations comparable to Portugal and Catalonia.
The Population: Andorra has a population of about 80,000 people, of which only about a third are Andorran citizens. The rest are mainly immigrants from Spain, France, Portugal and other countries. Andorra has a low birth rate and an aging population.
The Landmarks: Andorra has many historical and natural landmarks that attract tourists from around the world. Some of the most famous ones are: Sant Joan de Caselles Church: A Romanesque church dating back to the 11th century, with a bell tower and frescoes. Caldea Spa: A modern thermal spa complex with indoor and outdoor pools, saunas, jacuzzis and treatments. Roc del Quer viewpoint: A spectacular lookout point with a metal walkway and a sculpture of a thinker. Vallnord Pal-Arinsal ski resort: A popular ski destination with slopes for all levels, snow parks, cable cars and restaurants.
The Official Language: The official language of Andorra is Catalan, a Romance language spoken by about 10 million people in Spain, France and Italy. Catalan is also the language of culture, education and administration in Andorra. Spanish, French and Portuguese are also commonly spoken by the immigrant communities.
The Culture: Andorra’s culture is influenced by its Catalan heritage, its mountainous environment and its history as a feudal state. Some of the cultural aspects of Andorra are: The Co-Princes: Andorra is a constitutional monarchy with two co-princes as symbolic heads of state: the president of France and the bishop of Urgell in Spain. This system dates back to 1278 when Andorra was divided between two feudal lords. The General Council: Andorra’s parliament is called the General Council and consists of 28 members elected by universal suffrage every four years. The General Council elects the head of government who appoints the cabinet ministers. The Festivals: Andorra celebrates many festivals throughout the year, such as Carnival, Easter, Saint George’s Day, Saint John’s Eve and Christmas. Some of the traditional festivities include dances, bonfires, fireworks and parades.
The Economic Stability: Andorra has a stable and prosperous economy based on tourism, banking, trade and agriculture. Andorra has no income tax, low corporate tax and no customs duties. Andorra’s GDP per capita is one of the highest in the world at about $42,000. Andorra also uses the euro as its currency since 1999.
The gross domestic product (GDP) of Andorra is the total value of all goods and services produced in the country in a given year. According to the World Bank, the GDP of Andorra was worth 3.35 billion US dollars in 2022, which represents less than 0.01 percent of the world economy. The GDP growth rate in 2017 was 1.87%2, representing a change of 62,187,887 US$ over 2016. The economy of Andorra is a developed and free market economy driven by finance, retail, and tourism. It is also a free port, attractive for shoppers from France and Spain.
The official currency of Andorra is the euro (EUR or €), with symbol € and currency code EUR. Andorra did not have an official currency before adopting the euro in 2012, and it is not a member of the European Union. The exchange rate between the euro and the US dollar as of today is 1.00 EUR = 1.10 USD.
Andorran food is influenced by the cuisines of France, Spain and Catalonia, and features local ingredients such as meat, cheese, potatoes and cabbage. Some of the most popular Andorran dishes are: Escudella: a traditional stew with white beans, ham bone, veal or beef marrow bone, chicken, pork sausage, cured ham, cabbage, potatoes, rice, noodles and chickpeas. Trinxat: a dish with chopped and mashed cabbage and potatoes, fried with bacon and garlic. Embotits: cured meats such as sausages, ham and salami. Truites de carreroles: omelettes with mushrooms. Cargols a la lluna: snails cooked in a sauce with garlic, parsley and olive oil. Crema Andorrana/Catalana: a dessert similar to crème brûlée, with custard and caramelized sugar on top. Torrijas: slices of bread soaked in milk or wine, fried and sprinkled with sugar or honey. Trucha a la Andorrana: trout cooked with almonds, ham and lemon juice. Some of the best places to try Andorran food are: Borda Vella: a cozy restaurant in Encamp that serves traditional dishes such as escudella, trinxat and embotits. Restaurant Eximi: a modern restaurant in Andorra la Vella that offers creative cuisine with local products such as truites de carreroles, cargols a la lluna and crema catalana.
Andorra is divided into seven administrative divisions called parishes, each with its own capital city. The major cities of Andorra are: | City | Parish | Population (2019) | | — | — | — | | Andorra la Vella | Andorra la Vella | 22,886 | | Escaldes-Engordany | Escaldes-Engordany | 14,395 | | Encamp | Encamp | 13,521 | | Sant Julià de Lòria | Sant Julià de Lòria | 9,706 | | La Massana | La Massana | 9,660 | | Pas de la Casa | Encamp | 2,363 | | Ordino | Ordino | 4,858 | The largest city and the capital of Andorra is Andorra la Vella, which is also the highest capital city in Europe at an elevation of 1,023 metres (3,356 feet). The most populous parish is Encamp, which includes the ski resort of Pas de la Casa near the French border.
MAJOR AIRPORTS, SEA PORTS AND SCHOOLS
Andorra does not have any airports or seaports due to its landlocked location and mountainous terrain. The nearest airports to Andorra are: Toulouse–Blagnac Airport (TLS) in France: about 196 km (122 miles) away from Andorra la Vella. Barcelona–El Prat Airport (BCN) in