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Desmond Tutu | Biography, Facts, & Nobel Peace Prize



Desmond Tutu

Desmond Tutu was a South African Anglican archbishop who was born on October 7, 1931 in Klerksdorp, Transvaal, South AfricaHe was a vocal and committed opponent of apartheid in South Africa and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984 for his effortsIn 1995, he was named head of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, which investigated allegations of human rights abuses during the apartheid era.

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Desmond Tutu

Desmond Tutu

Desmond Tutu is known for his work as an anti-apartheid and human rights activistHe was Bishop of Johannesburg from 1985 to 1986 and then Archbishop of Cape Town from 1986 to 1996, in both cases being the first black African to hold the positionHe retired from public life in 2010. Desmond Tutu was born in 1931 in South Africa. He was an Archbishop, a type of Christian leader, and was best known as a campaigner against racial injusticeHe devoted much of his life to ending apartheid, the racist system which meant that black people and white people in South Africa lived separate lives.

Tutu was ordained an Anglican priest in 1960 and used his pulpit to speak out against oppression during the darkest days of the apartheid systemFrom his pulpit, Tutu spoke out against apartheid in a city where black people – their lives controlled by strict racist laws – required special passes simply to walk into “white” neighbourhoods.