Queen Victoria was born Alexandrina Victoria on May 24, 1819, in Kensington Palace, London, England. She was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from June 20, 1837 until her death in 1901. Her reign of 63 years and 216 days was longer than that of any previous British monarch and is known as the Victorian era.
Victoria was the last of the house of Hanover and gave her name to an era, the Victorian Age. She was queen during a period of industrial, political, scientific, and military change within the United Kingdom.
Queen Victoria was born fifth in line to the throne, which made her an unlikely ruler. She was one of the longest reigning monarchs in British history till the time Queen Elizabeth II surpassed her on Sep 10, 2015. Victoria was the only child of Edward, duke of Kent, the fourth son of King George III. Her father died of pneumonia in 1820 when Victoria was less than a year old.
Victoria survived eight assassination attempts. She first met Prince Albert on her 17th birthday. Victoria popularized the white wedding dress