Eva Perón was the second wife and first lady of Argentine President Juan Perón. She was born on May 7, 1919, in Los Toldos, Argentina, as María Eva Duarte. Her parents were not married and her father had another family. She dreamed of becoming an actress and moved to Buenos Aires at a young age. She became a powerful political figure, especially for the poor and the women, and was revered by the lower economic classes. She died on July 26, 1952, in Buenos Aires. Her life inspired several films and musicals, such as ‘Eva Perón: The True Story’ and ‘Evita’.
Eva Perón used her position as first lady to fight for women’s suffrage and improving the lives of the poor, and became a legendary figure in Argentine politics. She was largely responsible for the passage of the women’s suffrage law and formed the Peronista Feminist Party in 1949. She also introduced compulsory religious education into all Argentine schools. In 1951, although dying of cancer, she obtained the nomination for vice president, but the army forced her to withdraw her candidacy.