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Bosnia and Herzegovina: A Country Shaped by History



Bosnia and Herzegovina

To give you a brief overview, Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country in Southeastern Europe that emerged from the dissolution of Yugoslavia in 1992. It has a complex and turbulent history that involves various ethnic, religious, and political groups. Some of the major historical events that shaped the country are:

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Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina

The arrival of the South Slavic peoples in the 6th-9th centuries.

The establishment of the Banate of Bosnia in the 12th century and the Kingdom of Bosnia in the 14th century.

The Ottoman conquest of Bosnia in the 15th century and the introduction of Islam.

The Austro-Hungarian occupation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in the 19th century and the rise of nationalism.

The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo in 1914, which triggered World War I.

The incorporation of Bosnia and Herzegovina into Yugoslavia after World War I and World War II.

The breakup of Yugoslavia and the Bosnian War (1992-1995), which resulted in genocide, ethnic cleansing, and massive displacement.

The Dayton Peace Agreement in 1995, which ended the war but also created a fragile and divided state structure.